Facts

Facts about the current position of tree plantation drives across the globe, and facts related to tree and their requirements

Green wall of India

Can Green Wall of India stop the desert

The “Green Wall of India “ is inspired by Africa’s ‘Great Green Wall’ project, running from Senegal (West) to Djibouti (East), which came into effect in 2007 and shown a wonderful result despite only  15% complete only.

Aravalli Range, which separates western India’s desert “Thar” from the relatively green plains to its east, has lost such a lot of green cover that it’s losing its ability to act as a natural barrier against the warmth and dust that blows in from the west.

And the desert will less likely to expand into the remainder of the Indian landmass if remains greener. It’s not just a feeling that’s turning greenery scarce, but other sorts of depredation too.

Thar desert’s expansion could threaten the “granary of India”—the fertile belts of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh and the Malwa region”.

The thought behind it could inspire tree plantation drives everywhere around the nation. Around 98 million hectares, or approximately 30% of India’s total land, is estimated to possess been degraded already.

The country has a target to revive 26 million hectares by 2030. So here the greening of the Aravalli corridor could help the nation to hit the goal, but far more must be done.

The project is yet to get a formal nod. The Centre is considering an ambitious plan to create a 1,400km long and 5km wide green belt from Gujarat to the Delhi-Haryana border.

Green Wall of India Proposed by Vijaypal Baghel

Green Wall of IndiaMany activities are happening around, so to add to this, a group of environment activists pledged to cover approximate 5 Cr steps to mobilize more people for 1,400 kilometres of desert “green wall” along with the Aravalli ranges, from Porbandar, Gujarat to Kurukshetra in Haryana.

The “Green Wall” of India, proposed by Vijaypal Baghel, the environmental activist at the Conference of Parties (COP14) by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in New Delhi, was taken up for consideration by the Central government.

“At a preliminary level, the positive response has been shown by the government of India by making the wall until Panipat, said Bhagel. It comes up to 1,400 km, but we want this to cover the Aravalli range as well as the Shivalik range to completely contain desertification. Moreover this, multiple authorities are needed to be involved to accomplish this.

Which are the successful initiatives, inspired the Green Wall of India

  • Africa’s Great Green Wall was launched by the Union of Africa a decade ago with the support of many countries & partners including UNCCD, World Bank and the European Commission (EU). So far, work on only 15% of the wall and under the way but results are pretty positive.
  • A similar initiative called, Peace Forest Initiative (PFI) to develop forests in conflict areas between South and North Korea including the demilitarized zone was also announced in COP14 of UNCCD held in India.
  • The Peace Park between Peru and Ecuador also the inspiration for the green wall of India and PFI as well.

Some more facts about it?Great green wall

  • The idea has been worked out and proven on the lines of the “Great Green Wall” running through the width of Africa, from Senegal to Djibouti, to combat climate change and control desertification.
  • In India, Aravali has been identified as one of the key degraded zones to be taken up for greening under India’s target to restore 26 million hectares (MHA) of the forest.
  • The Aravalli range separates western India’s Thar Desert from the relatively green plains to its east. And lost so much green cover that impacts adversely to its ability to act as a natural barrier of the warmth and dust, blows in from the west.
  • The desert will less likely to expand into the rest of the Indian land if it remains greener.

Hence the green wall of India is being planned from Porbandar to Panipat which will help to restore the already degraded land through afforestation along with the Aravali hill range. It will also act as a barrier for dust coming from the deserts in western India and Pakistan.

What is the significance of the Green Wall of India?

 The green corridor will act as a barrier against heat & dust coming in from deserts in the western part of India. We estimate that approximately 150 Cr trees will be needed for this green wall which will make the shape of a 5 km wide corridor and may take up to more than 10 years to be created.

The Great Green Wall of the Sahara was commenced in Africa involving multiple countries and though only partial work could be completed till date, the model’s results have shown success.”

By 2035, the ambition of the “Green Wall of India” initiative is to restore currently degraded land and improve it as earlier; and create millions of green jobs. This will support communities living along the Wall to:

  • Grow more fertile land, one of humanity’s most precious natural assets.
  • Grow more economic opportunities for the world’s youngest population.
  • Grow more food security for the people living around the arid area.
  • Grow more climate resilience in Indian continental.

The buffering wall should stabilize soils and keep them moist, it should slow the drying and scouring effects of the wind, and help restore the micro-climate, allowing food crops to grow around the trees.

It’s only at its conception stage, but this project should swell our lungs with hope. India is reportedly planning to undertake a vast reforestation exercise along with the Aravalli hill range that stretches from the Ridge of Delhi to Banaskantha in Gujarat.

India seeks to replicate the idea as a national priority under its goal to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030.

The green belt may not be contiguous, but would roughly cover the entire degraded Aravali range through a massive afforestation exercise

Why Thar desert growing fast

Why the Indian desert “Thar” growing fast

The Thar Desert also called the Great Indian Desert covers approximate  77,000 square miles (200,000 sq. km), forming a natural border between India and Pakistan via Rajasthan & Gujrat.

What thar desert is expanding

And it locates in the western part of India with the dry climatic condition and low average rainfall (70-90mm/year) in the past 5 decades. “During monsoons, hardly get 15-20 days of rainfall and therefore the remaining year has been worse,”, said environmental data.

The Thar Desert is the 18th largest subtropical desert in the world. The maximum part is a hot arid zone, spread 800 Km Long and 400Km wide area. Most of this is within the western Rajasthan (61%), while 20%  in Gujrat, 9% in Punjab and Haryana’s combined and Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka together having rest 10% area.

The Indian Desert “Thar” has similarity with other deserts worldwide in respect of flora and fauna. The increasing rate of the desert may badly affect our economy, sociology and geography.

In this article, we have tried to explain the reason behind the expansion of the Thar Desert and its bad effect on human lives and have also suggested possible solutions by which we can minimize or stop its expansion.

Why the Indian desert “Thar” growing fast?

The Thar Desert is expanding and increasing its area since the two decades towards a man-made catastrophe.  western Rajasthan many districts suffered from different kinds of land degradation contributing to desertification, said to a report by Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI).

What thar desert is expandingApart from above mentioned reason, low rainfall also the cause of this rapid increase in the desert. Last few decades the, average rainfall (70-90mm/year) is very low. The average temperature of the desert is also increasing since last 5 decades

This was also compiled using multiple independent studies including the India Remote Sensing Satellite data 2015-16.

As we already know that, The Thar desert comes between the Aravalli hills in the northeast and the Runn of Kutch in the northwest. So the  Desert is growing in both east and northeast directions, experts say, and warn that desertification is about to become the more serious challenge to the Indian continent.

“Northwestern Thar Desert’s projections indicate a substantial increase in the desert area over India in the next 10 decades,” said scientists P. Goswami and K.V. Ramesh of the Centre of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.

Problems behind the Spreading of Thar Desert

The general features of desertification are wind erosion, water erosion, salinity/ alkalinity, waterlogging, mining and vegetation degradation to conclude that the situation may take decades to reverse the damage. Herewith some more details, why this Indian desert, Thar is expanding?

Human Activities that affect climatic area:

The Thar desert is the most densely populated desert across all, having a population density of 83 people per km approximately. Rainfall is only 100-130 mm/year out of which mostly comes in July to September only. So due to lack of water, the transformation of the grassland into cropland has been very slow.

And the main occupation of people living in the desert is agriculture and animal husbandry. Agriculture is not a dependable proposition in this area-after the rainy season, at least 33% of crops fail. As the rainfall is very low resulting in no cropping, so people are dependent on animal husbandry and the result is overgrazing which increases the rate of spreading the area of the Thar desert.

Illegal mining:

This is one of the major cause of the spreading of the desert over the last 10-15 years. Land thunders of dynamite blasts are taking place regularly and the sound can be heard even from a close range of even two miles in the desert reason. The activities of mining having the use of drilling and explosives in hills in broad daylight. The impact of dynamite, ammonium nitrate or TNT explosions is very intense and can change even the internal structure of a deep desert.

Large-scale mining has been mapped in Jhunjhunu, Jalore, Jodhpur, Barmer for the minerals and building materials, which has impacted the equilibrium. The vegetation cover has gone forever, making the land vulnerable

Increasing population:

The population is increasing but there is no simultaneous growth of farming which resulted in more people moving towards animal husbandry, trees and grasses. And as it is a drought-prone area, so the region faces droughts frequently.

So the increased population leads to the requirement of more animals which lead to overgrazing of limited grass area, wind and water erosion, and the activities result in serious land degradation and exploitation.

Plantation of new flora and fauna which are not easily adaptable:

The Babul tree growing to a height of up to 14-15 meter, mature babul need excess water to grow as its roots get water from the deep in the ground. In 1960, they were discovered at a depth of 53 meters (175 ft) in the search of water.

Due to over plantation of the babul, water availability decreasing year by year, which is very harmful for a longer duration because this reason already facing a heavy shortage of water.

The exploitation of local vegetation:

“The destruction of vegetation due to overgrazing, felling of trees, etc. have accelerated the removal of sediments from the catchment areas of water bodies as well as the loosening of farm soil,” said Yadav, director, CAZRI.

As we know, the Thar is arid and that’s why already poor in vegetation. However, the flora of this area provides useful, commercially important floral species.

In recent years, many such valuable species have become rare or nearly extinct owing to an increase in population and commercial activities, indiscrimination exploitation, biotic pressure, mining activities, destruction collection and lack of regeneration effort.

And Another is “The biggest reason contributing to desertification turned out to be water erosion. Our report suggested that 64.69% of the mapped area is facing wind erosion. For instance, 10% of land degradation in districts like Barmer, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur is due to water erosion,” said OP, director, CAZRI.

How Can We Control Expansion of Desert, Some Suggestions 

Management of resources:

Scientific management of resources and conversation of endangered species able to generate the fantastic scope of commercial activities and opportunities of employment for people residing.

And this can lead to connect this area as mainstream and come under the administrative socio-economic development plan of the country.

Introduction of fast-growing tree species:

The indigenous tree species growing in the desert are not only a few in numbers but also extremely slow-growing. So, great efforts & attention is required in the plantation of fast-growing trees with massive plantation drives.

Sand dunes should be stabilized:

As it is very little rainfall, huge shifting sand dunes are very often, particularly near human habitats, so there are some suggested techniques required for stabilization of shifted sand dunes are:

  • Protection against biotic interference.
  • Treatment of shifting sand dunes by fixing barriers in parallel strips or in ‘chess board’ design, using the local shrub material starting from the crest of the dunes to protect the seedling.
  • Using the appropriate numbers of Phog (Calligonum Polygonoides). As it is a very useful species of the desert because of its ability to growing naturally on the sand dunes. It has a massive network of underground root which work as an effective ‘sand binder’.

Reduce wind speed by planting  Shelterbelt plant:

Shelterbelts and tree screens consisting of a row of trees. So these are very effective in controlling the expansion of desert reason.

Increase the network of cannel and support the Green Wall of India.:

This is also, one of the best solution to control the expansion of the desert Thar. As when we provide water in the arid desert, then flora, grazing grass and tree will automatically start to grow and things start to improve.

By increasing the channel in the desert and cover as maximum as possible can lead to an increase in some greenery. Immediately implementation of government long-awaited 1400 km, “Green Wall of India” like Great Green Wall of Africa.

And here the final conclusion is,  we can manage the expansion of the great Indian desert “Thar” and save endangered area to become the part of it, but only if we utilize use our resources wisely, stop illegal mining, use adaptable plant scientific and specific species with the scale of plantation in local climatic condition and work as a sand binder and decrease dependence on natural resources.

The problem is for a long but these restoration efforts are an exception & insufficient. The Thar is a victim of unscientific practices that have destroyed pastures & forest.

Faulty plantation drives have failed to increase greenery

Can we increase greenery by Faulty Plantation Drives

Over the past three decades, massive afforestation drives were undertaken to compensate for the loss of green cover in Delhi. According to some reports published, nearly 1.8 cr trees were planted in the city in fifteen years, since 2001.

And the result: at 20%, Delhi’s forest cover falls short of the desired 33% of the national target. But the gap is still it was, because, actually the problems were in the way these drives were carried out, said Ek Kadam Sansthan.

Most of the part of this plantation happened in areas such as Asola Bhatti, where the department of forest and ecology experts got a complete authority to plan and execute the afforestation drive. But the remaining areas faced casual approach and badly planned drives; trees were either planted too close or high-caring species were planted.

According to the Auditor General of India report in 2009, the Delhi government gave permission to cut more than 31 thousand trees between the year 2005 and 2008 with a condition that 2.99 lakh saplings will be planted. As per the report, neither could the plantation target be completed successfully nor was the balance plantation charges of over Rs 6 crore recovered from the responsible.

According to the report, only 1.8 lakh trees were re-planted and also the government failed to recover the cost of balance plantation (1.19 lakh trees at the rate of Rs 650 per tree) from the defaulters.

While things have got better, with strict implementation over the years, Delhi has routinely missed out on its every plantation targets. What is worse, in the absence of a third-party audit, don’t have a record of saplings survived after the first year of plantation and maintenance has been done.

Plantation and aforestation drives are actually on to reach the goal of increasing Delhi’s forest cover to 25% in the next five years. The plan is to plant 12 lakh saplings this year itself, mostly in the eastern banks of the Yamuna river, Asola township and Najafgarh areas.

Of this, around 5 lakh sapling will be planted by the department of forest, 2 lakh by the Delhi Development Authority, 2 lakh by the municipal corporations, one lakh by the PWD, 1 lakh by the Delhi Parks and Gardens Society and around 50,000 by the Delhi Cantonment Board.

“A successful afforestation drive takes a minimum of three years to show results but better to care for 5-6 years. Care has to be taken about what species are being planted and where, because of the difference in the soil quality. A good tree cover attracts birds and after that, it becomes easy as birds help in seed dispersal,” said Tarun Coomar, chief conservator of forests of Delhi.

Now again, it’s a question that, what we learnt from our failures and what are changes added in our future plantation and performance measurement plans. Otherwise, the same story will repeat again and again.

9 months after record plantation drive, very few standing

Is Nagpur Plantation Drive is Complete failure ?

Only 20% standing after 9 months of record plantation drive

Source TOI/ 13 April 2017/NAGPUR

Very painful! But almost 90% of the saplings planted in the Ambazari forest on July 1, 2016, during the 2cr have died due to lack of watering and attacking by grazing cattle. The drive was conducted under the Green Maharashtra mission.

The aim of the plantation drive was to tackle climate change and increase forest cover. Claiming that it had exceeded the target by planting 2.82 crore saplings in a single day, Maharashtra walked into the Limca Book of Records.

In Nagpur, the Ambazari reserve forest (758 hectares) was the district’s official site for plantations. Here, saplings were planted by Nagpur Metro (5,000), dignitaries, forest staff, NGOs, schools, social bodies and individuals (11,000) and individual NGO Anand Fiskey (2,000) in the presence of guardian minister Chandrashekhar Bawankule. However, barring 5,000 saplings planted by Nagpur Metro, almost all the plantations have died.

Barring a few patches, 298 by Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd has survived. Compensatory afforestation of over 2 500 saplings by NIT too, has failed completely over 2,500 saplings by NIT too has failed completely. M & M’s Suresh Pandilwar, manager (employees’ relations & development) admits that it has failed miserably. “We watered the saplings for 3 months only. The saplings were small and could not survive owing to rocky land,” he said.

No forest official is ready to owe the responsibility for the failed plantations. Nagpur TSK Reddy said he has handed over the charge after promotion as APCCF. Joint director WI Yatbon of social forestry, which is the nodal agency for plantations, too said he has been promoted as CCF and has no idea. The social forestry department was to monitor the survival rate every three months.. Hingna RFO CH and area in charge, said 80% of plantations have survived. “However, mortality may be more due to recent forest fires,” he said.

TOI has learnt from sources that saplings were not watered adequately. For 13,000 plants only one tanker was deployed post-monsoon season, from October 18. Another tanker was pressed only from April 5, by which time most plants had died or were on the verge of dying. When Nagpur Metro plants can survive, why can’t the forest department, having expertise?

Patil says, “Metro planted 6-8 feet high saplings while our saplings were of small size. They planted non-forest species while we planted forest species, that too without damaging grass. Hence, our plantations are not visible in tall grass. It will take time for results.” Countering Patil’s claims.

Regular bird watcher in Ambazari Aniruddha Bhagat, says, “It is complete negligence. Only one tanker was used to water 13,000 plants. Metro officials are getting water from 5-6 tankers, besides they are also using drip watering system.”

Bhagat said lakhs of rupees are spent on fire lines to save forest but foresters have no clues how fires are raging. “No in peak summer, officials are planning to replant the saplings,” he added.

NGO Srushti Paryavaran Mandal president Sanjay Deshpande, who visited the spot on Tuesday, too says that the plantations have dried up due to neglect. “Even in rocky patches plants can grow if the right species are selected. Fires have caused huge damage to plantations and biodiversity,” he said.

“It seems to be a well-organized scam going on for years. Now again forest department will take up plantations in monsoon, and the same story will be repeated,” said activist Avinash Prabhune.

Here Ek Kadam Sansthan urges everyone to take participate in government drives and have a close observation on performance.

What improvement require for plantation

Are Tree Plantation Drives Need Improvements?

It is today’s true scenario that the entire earth is in extensive danger and facing increasing global warming, unfavourable changes in the climate, increasing sea level, reducing forest cover and many more environmental issues every new day, and believe, reducing forest is the most dangerous issue for the entire planet.

Despite all environmental threats, forests, and especially tropical rainforests, are still under siege by human activity.

 “We’re cutting down more than 15 billion trees in a year – that’s almost 500 trees in a second, 29,000 in a minute, 1.7 in million an hour, and 41 million in a day. So, although tree planting is a valuable part of tackling climate change, it won’t be effective unless we reduce the number, cut down in the first place, and make big changes to the way we live.”

So, if everyone on the planet, planted a single tree, it would be a powerful symbolic act and will work. And if we kept on planting them and stopped cutting them down, it could go a long way to protecting and safeguarding our world.”

Here also some surprising facts areas, government refilling/ reforestation projects having only 40% survivability and out of the only 60% actual plantation of committed, on the ground for example, if the plan 1000 tree, then actually plant only 600 and survivability will be no more than 240 trees.

Most of the refilling work is being done by NGO’s, social communities and plantation partner agencies of the governments so the direct involvement of individual is very poor in such drives.

After studying the implementation methodology and performance measurement techniques, in terms of three-parameter Transparency, Traceability and Sustainability (survivability) found really outrageous facts that no one is targeting these parameters and just performing everything without tracking & measuring actual performance. And to confirm the statement, we can opt for any plantation drives in India and check the figures, actual versus claimed.

We studied the execution method, performance measurement method and on-ground effectiveness of 20 best & most active NGO, working for tree plantation across the globe and identified the above-mentioned parameters to ensure the success of the new generation of the plantation.

With the use of emerging tracking technologies in this most basic work, we “Ek Kadam”, can do refilling the earth successfully in a result-oriented way.

China is the best example of the plantation of 40 billion trees successfully. It’s better to understand their module to overcome our mistakes while mass plantations.

To better understand all three parameters, here is some questioner to be asked by donors, said Ek Kadam Sansthan.

Tree plantation by EK Kadam

Motivational Story; By Ek Kadam

Why not to react in anger, Snake & Saw Story

See what happens if we react in anger; Under by the story of the snake and saw

There was a snake that crawled over a pointy saw and was cut. In extreme anger, the snake wrapped the saw with its thick body and proceeded to squeeze more and more the life out of the saw.
With each angry squeeze, it felt more and more pain but continued because it wasn’t getting to let the so escape with the pain it caused it. the snake, refusing to abandon the saw, eventually died; not knowing the entire time, he needed to abandoning of the initial pain and specialise in its future and where it had been going. instead, the snake, unfortunately, lost its life and didn’t even see it coming.

So the moral of the Story Never React in Anger

Control your anger, forgive those that hurt you, and don’t allow, people or things to power over you. it can ultimately kill you. So the story was about what happens to us when we REACT IN ANGER

(read more by visiting the website, click on link)

And here is another powerful message by Ek Kadam Sansthan

Success in Business

As an entrepreneur or in the job, when we fail again and again, in something, then don’t shove everything into the same work (like a saw) and try to do some other solution or change the work.

 

Climate change facts

Facts ! you need to know about Forests

In the face of the fast-growing threats of climate change, reducing trees are the most dangerous battle to save our planet. Forests store massive amounts of CO2 and giving numerous ecosystem services. Despite their value, forests, and especially tropical rainforests, are under threat by human activity.

Facts about trees available on earth

  1. Forests cover 35% of the earth’s land. And it is estimated that within 80 years from now, there will be no rainforest including tropical reason. The world has lost about half of its rainforests before the 1970s.
  2. Approximate two acres of forest are cut down every second. That is equal to one big football ground.
  3. 20% of the world’s oxygen and 30% of cancers fighting organisms is produced only in the Amazon forest.
  4.  Across the globe, 1.6 billion people depend on forest products for their livelihoods, thereby adding more and more to deforestation.
  5. A person in the United States uses more than 300 Kgs of paper approximately every year.
  6. The tropical forests are being cleared at a staggering rate of 8 million hectares/ year as per satellite reports. In terms of size, it is about the combined size of the Panjab and Haryana.
  7. “A mature tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people can inhale in a year. Two mature trees provide enough oxygen for a family of four.”
  8. Like all plants, grass plants in your lawn also take in co2 from the air. Then, as part of the process of photosynthesis, those grasses help produce oxygen. One adult can get enough oxygen for the day from only a 25-square-foot area of healthy lawn grasses.
  9. A typical 8-inch diameter trunked tree with more than 30ft height would produce around 10,000 to 20,000 sheets of A4 size paper.
  10. we’re cutting down 15 billion trees in a year – that’s almost 500 trees in a second, 29,000 in a minute, 1.7 million in an hour, and 41 million in a day.

How Deforestation affects the Water cycle & Climate

Deforestation affects the earth’s water cycle. Trees absorb the groundwater and release it into the atmosphere during transpiration. After deforestation, the climate automatically become drier and also affects the water level. Few facts, collected by Ek Kadam Sansthan.

  1. In the last only 100 years, sea levels have risen about 7 inches, which is more than the previous 2000 years.Effect on Water Cycle by deforestation
  2. The temperature in the U.S. has increased by 2 degrees in the last 50 years and precipitation has increased by more than 5%, says U.S. Global Change Research Program.
  3. The ice in the Arctic is melting rapidly. The region is expected to have a completely ice-free summer or even earlier by 2040.
  4. The average temperature in Alaska, Western Canada, and Russia have risen at twice the global average. As per the multinational Arctic Climate Impact Assessment report compiled between 2000 and 2004.
  5. The Montana Glacier National Park has only 30 glaciers instead of 150 that were there in the year 1910.
  6. Global warming is increasing by deforestation causing extreme weather changes.
  7. Fire, heatwave fires, and severe tropical storms throughout the world also having the cause of climate change.
  8. Many cities of the world are located near vulnerable coastal areas and more than 100 million people live with 3 feet of sea level are in danger due to rising sea level.
  9. Global warming will completely alter the ocean’s conveyer belt, which will cause a mini ice age in Europe. It has been started and remember, America in winter 2020.
  10. 2000-2009 has been the hottest decade on the earth. By the year 2100, the average temperature will rise by 5.8 degrees due to global warming.

So the conclusion is, it’s high time to alert and control things from now onwards because trees are life, and once we went into deep enough, below the threshold, then the condition will be irreversible for us.