The “Green Wall of India “ is inspired by Africa’s ‘Great Green Wall’ project, running from Senegal (West) to Djibouti (East), which came into effect in 2007 and shown a wonderful result despite only 15% complete only.
Aravalli Range, which separates western India’s desert “Thar” from the relatively green plains to its east, has lost such a lot of green cover that it’s losing its ability to act as a natural barrier against the warmth and dust that blows in from the west.
And the desert will less likely to expand into the remainder of the Indian landmass if remains greener. It’s not just a feeling that’s turning greenery scarce, but other sorts of depredation too.
“Thar desert’s expansion could threaten the “granary of India”—the fertile belts of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh and the Malwa region”.
The thought behind it could inspire tree plantation drives everywhere around the nation. Around 98 million hectares, or approximately 30% of India’s total land, is estimated to possess been degraded already.
The country has a target to revive 26 million hectares by 2030. So here the greening of the Aravalli corridor could help the nation to hit the goal, but far more must be done.
The project is yet to get a formal nod. The Centre is considering an ambitious plan to create a 1,400km long and 5km wide green belt from Gujarat to the Delhi-Haryana border.
Green Wall of India Proposed by Vijaypal Baghel
Many activities are happening around, so to add to this, a group of environment activists pledged to cover approximate 5 Cr steps to mobilize more people for 1,400 kilometres of desert “green wall” along with the Aravalli ranges, from Porbandar, Gujarat to Kurukshetra in Haryana.
The “Green Wall” of India, proposed by Vijaypal Baghel, the environmental activist at the Conference of Parties (COP14) by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in New Delhi, was taken up for consideration by the Central government.
“At a preliminary level, the positive response has been shown by the government of India by making the wall until Panipat, said Bhagel. It comes up to 1,400 km, but we want this to cover the Aravalli range as well as the Shivalik range to completely contain desertification. Moreover this, multiple authorities are needed to be involved to accomplish this.
Which are the successful initiatives, inspired the Green Wall of India
- Africa’s Great Green Wall was launched by the Union of Africa a decade ago with the support of many countries & partners including UNCCD, World Bank and the European Commission (EU). So far, work on only 15% of the wall and under the way but results are pretty positive.
- A similar initiative called, Peace Forest Initiative (PFI) to develop forests in conflict areas between South and North Korea including the demilitarized zone was also announced in COP14 of UNCCD held in India.
- The Peace Park between Peru and Ecuador also the inspiration for the green wall of India and PFI as well.
Some more facts about it?
- The idea has been worked out and proven on the lines of the “Great Green Wall” running through the width of Africa, from Senegal to Djibouti, to combat climate change and control desertification.
- In India, Aravali has been identified as one of the key degraded zones to be taken up for greening under India’s target to restore 26 million hectares (MHA) of the forest.
- The Aravalli range separates western India’s Thar Desert from the relatively green plains to its east. And lost so much green cover that impacts adversely to its ability to act as a natural barrier of the warmth and dust, blows in from the west.
- The desert will less likely to expand into the rest of the Indian land if it remains greener.
Hence the green wall of India is being planned from Porbandar to Panipat which will help to restore the already degraded land through afforestation along with the Aravali hill range. It will also act as a barrier for dust coming from the deserts in western India and Pakistan.
What is the significance of the Green Wall of India?
The green corridor will act as a barrier against heat & dust coming in from deserts in the western part of India. We estimate that approximately 150 Cr trees will be needed for this green wall which will make the shape of a 5 km wide corridor and may take up to more than 10 years to be created.
The Great Green Wall of the Sahara was commenced in Africa involving multiple countries and though only partial work could be completed till date, the model’s results have shown success.”
By 2035, the ambition of the “Green Wall of India” initiative is to restore currently degraded land and improve it as earlier; and create millions of green jobs. This will support communities living along the Wall to:
- Grow more fertile land, one of humanity’s most precious natural assets.
- Grow more economic opportunities for the world’s youngest population.
- Grow more food security for the people living around the arid area.
- Grow more climate resilience in Indian continental.
The buffering wall should stabilize soils and keep them moist, it should slow the drying and scouring effects of the wind, and help restore the micro-climate, allowing food crops to grow around the trees.
It’s only at its conception stage, but this project should swell our lungs with hope. India is reportedly planning to undertake a vast reforestation exercise along with the Aravalli hill range that stretches from the Ridge of Delhi to Banaskantha in Gujarat.
India seeks to replicate the idea as a national priority under its goal to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030.
The green belt may not be contiguous, but would roughly cover the entire degraded Aravali range through a massive afforestation exercise