change of climate

Green wall of India

Can Green Wall of India stop the desert

The “Green Wall of India “ is inspired by Africa’s ‘Great Green Wall’ project, running from Senegal (West) to Djibouti (East), which came into effect in 2007 and shown a wonderful result despite only  15% complete only.

Aravalli Range, which separates western India’s desert “Thar” from the relatively green plains to its east, has lost such a lot of green cover that it’s losing its ability to act as a natural barrier against the warmth and dust that blows in from the west.

And the desert will less likely to expand into the remainder of the Indian landmass if remains greener. It’s not just a feeling that’s turning greenery scarce, but other sorts of depredation too.

Thar desert’s expansion could threaten the “granary of India”—the fertile belts of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh and the Malwa region”.

The thought behind it could inspire tree plantation drives everywhere around the nation. Around 98 million hectares, or approximately 30% of India’s total land, is estimated to possess been degraded already.

The country has a target to revive 26 million hectares by 2030. So here the greening of the Aravalli corridor could help the nation to hit the goal, but far more must be done.

The project is yet to get a formal nod. The Centre is considering an ambitious plan to create a 1,400km long and 5km wide green belt from Gujarat to the Delhi-Haryana border.

Green Wall of India Proposed by Vijaypal Baghel

Green Wall of IndiaMany activities are happening around, so to add to this, a group of environment activists pledged to cover approximate 5 Cr steps to mobilize more people for 1,400 kilometres of desert “green wall” along with the Aravalli ranges, from Porbandar, Gujarat to Kurukshetra in Haryana.

The “Green Wall” of India, proposed by Vijaypal Baghel, the environmental activist at the Conference of Parties (COP14) by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in New Delhi, was taken up for consideration by the Central government.

“At a preliminary level, the positive response has been shown by the government of India by making the wall until Panipat, said Bhagel. It comes up to 1,400 km, but we want this to cover the Aravalli range as well as the Shivalik range to completely contain desertification. Moreover this, multiple authorities are needed to be involved to accomplish this.

Which are the successful initiatives, inspired the Green Wall of India

  • Africa’s Great Green Wall was launched by the Union of Africa a decade ago with the support of many countries & partners including UNCCD, World Bank and the European Commission (EU). So far, work on only 15% of the wall and under the way but results are pretty positive.
  • A similar initiative called, Peace Forest Initiative (PFI) to develop forests in conflict areas between South and North Korea including the demilitarized zone was also announced in COP14 of UNCCD held in India.
  • The Peace Park between Peru and Ecuador also the inspiration for the green wall of India and PFI as well.

Some more facts about it?Great green wall

  • The idea has been worked out and proven on the lines of the “Great Green Wall” running through the width of Africa, from Senegal to Djibouti, to combat climate change and control desertification.
  • In India, Aravali has been identified as one of the key degraded zones to be taken up for greening under India’s target to restore 26 million hectares (MHA) of the forest.
  • The Aravalli range separates western India’s Thar Desert from the relatively green plains to its east. And lost so much green cover that impacts adversely to its ability to act as a natural barrier of the warmth and dust, blows in from the west.
  • The desert will less likely to expand into the rest of the Indian land if it remains greener.

Hence the green wall of India is being planned from Porbandar to Panipat which will help to restore the already degraded land through afforestation along with the Aravali hill range. It will also act as a barrier for dust coming from the deserts in western India and Pakistan.

What is the significance of the Green Wall of India?

 The green corridor will act as a barrier against heat & dust coming in from deserts in the western part of India. We estimate that approximately 150 Cr trees will be needed for this green wall which will make the shape of a 5 km wide corridor and may take up to more than 10 years to be created.

The Great Green Wall of the Sahara was commenced in Africa involving multiple countries and though only partial work could be completed till date, the model’s results have shown success.”

By 2035, the ambition of the “Green Wall of India” initiative is to restore currently degraded land and improve it as earlier; and create millions of green jobs. This will support communities living along the Wall to:

  • Grow more fertile land, one of humanity’s most precious natural assets.
  • Grow more economic opportunities for the world’s youngest population.
  • Grow more food security for the people living around the arid area.
  • Grow more climate resilience in Indian continental.

The buffering wall should stabilize soils and keep them moist, it should slow the drying and scouring effects of the wind, and help restore the micro-climate, allowing food crops to grow around the trees.

It’s only at its conception stage, but this project should swell our lungs with hope. India is reportedly planning to undertake a vast reforestation exercise along with the Aravalli hill range that stretches from the Ridge of Delhi to Banaskantha in Gujarat.

India seeks to replicate the idea as a national priority under its goal to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030.

The green belt may not be contiguous, but would roughly cover the entire degraded Aravali range through a massive afforestation exercise

Climate change facts

Facts ! you need to know about Forests

In the face of the fast-growing threats of climate change, reducing trees are the most dangerous battle to save our planet. Forests store massive amounts of CO2 and giving numerous ecosystem services. Despite their value, forests, and especially tropical rainforests, are under threat by human activity.

Facts about trees available on earth

  1. Forests cover 35% of the earth’s land. And it is estimated that within 80 years from now, there will be no rainforest including tropical reason. The world has lost about half of its rainforests before the 1970s.
  2. Approximate two acres of forest are cut down every second. That is equal to one big football ground.
  3. 20% of the world’s oxygen and 30% of cancers fighting organisms is produced only in the Amazon forest.
  4.  Across the globe, 1.6 billion people depend on forest products for their livelihoods, thereby adding more and more to deforestation.
  5. A person in the United States uses more than 300 Kgs of paper approximately every year.
  6. The tropical forests are being cleared at a staggering rate of 8 million hectares/ year as per satellite reports. In terms of size, it is about the combined size of the Panjab and Haryana.
  7. “A mature tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people can inhale in a year. Two mature trees provide enough oxygen for a family of four.”
  8. Like all plants, grass plants in your lawn also take in co2 from the air. Then, as part of the process of photosynthesis, those grasses help produce oxygen. One adult can get enough oxygen for the day from only a 25-square-foot area of healthy lawn grasses.
  9. A typical 8-inch diameter trunked tree with more than 30ft height would produce around 10,000 to 20,000 sheets of A4 size paper.
  10. we’re cutting down 15 billion trees in a year – that’s almost 500 trees in a second, 29,000 in a minute, 1.7 million in an hour, and 41 million in a day.

How Deforestation affects the Water cycle & Climate

Deforestation affects the earth’s water cycle. Trees absorb the groundwater and release it into the atmosphere during transpiration. After deforestation, the climate automatically become drier and also affects the water level. Few facts, collected by Ek Kadam Sansthan.

  1. In the last only 100 years, sea levels have risen about 7 inches, which is more than the previous 2000 years.Effect on Water Cycle by deforestation
  2. The temperature in the U.S. has increased by 2 degrees in the last 50 years and precipitation has increased by more than 5%, says U.S. Global Change Research Program.
  3. The ice in the Arctic is melting rapidly. The region is expected to have a completely ice-free summer or even earlier by 2040.
  4. The average temperature in Alaska, Western Canada, and Russia have risen at twice the global average. As per the multinational Arctic Climate Impact Assessment report compiled between 2000 and 2004.
  5. The Montana Glacier National Park has only 30 glaciers instead of 150 that were there in the year 1910.
  6. Global warming is increasing by deforestation causing extreme weather changes.
  7. Fire, heatwave fires, and severe tropical storms throughout the world also having the cause of climate change.
  8. Many cities of the world are located near vulnerable coastal areas and more than 100 million people live with 3 feet of sea level are in danger due to rising sea level.
  9. Global warming will completely alter the ocean’s conveyer belt, which will cause a mini ice age in Europe. It has been started and remember, America in winter 2020.
  10. 2000-2009 has been the hottest decade on the earth. By the year 2100, the average temperature will rise by 5.8 degrees due to global warming.

So the conclusion is, it’s high time to alert and control things from now onwards because trees are life, and once we went into deep enough, below the threshold, then the condition will be irreversible for us.