In the face of the fast-growing threats of climate change, reducing trees are the most dangerous battle to save our planet. Forests store massive amounts of CO2 and giving numerous ecosystem services. Despite their value, forests, and especially tropical rainforests, are under threat by human activity.
Facts about trees available on earth
- Forests cover 35% of the earth’s land. And it is estimated that within 80 years from now, there will be no rainforest including tropical reason. The world has lost about half of its rainforests before the 1970s.
- Approximate two acres of forest are cut down every second. That is equal to one big football ground.
- 20% of the world’s oxygen and 30% of cancers fighting organisms is produced only in the Amazon forest.
- Across the globe, 1.6 billion people depend on forest products for their livelihoods, thereby adding more and more to deforestation.
- A person in the United States uses more than 300 Kgs of paper approximately every year.
- The tropical forests are being cleared at a staggering rate of 8 million hectares/ year as per satellite reports. In terms of size, it is about the combined size of the Panjab and Haryana.
- “A mature tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people can inhale in a year. Two mature trees provide enough oxygen for a family of four.”
- Like all plants, grass plants in your lawn also take in co2 from the air. Then, as part of the process of photosynthesis, those grasses help produce oxygen. One adult can get enough oxygen for the day from only a 25-square-foot area of healthy lawn grasses.
- A typical 8-inch diameter trunked tree with more than 30ft height would produce around 10,000 to 20,000 sheets of A4 size paper.
- we’re cutting down 15 billion trees in a year – that’s almost 500 trees in a second, 29,000 in a minute, 1.7 million in an hour, and 41 million in a day.
How Deforestation affects the Water cycle & Climate
Deforestation affects the earth’s water cycle. Trees absorb the groundwater and release it into the atmosphere during transpiration. After deforestation, the climate automatically become drier and also affects the water level. Few facts, collected by Ek Kadam Sansthan.
- In the last only 100 years, sea levels have risen about 7 inches, which is more than the previous 2000 years.
- The temperature in the U.S. has increased by 2 degrees in the last 50 years and precipitation has increased by more than 5%, says U.S. Global Change Research Program.
- The ice in the Arctic is melting rapidly. The region is expected to have a completely ice-free summer or even earlier by 2040.
- The average temperature in Alaska, Western Canada, and Russia have risen at twice the global average. As per the multinational Arctic Climate Impact Assessment report compiled between 2000 and 2004.
- The Montana Glacier National Park has only 30 glaciers instead of 150 that were there in the year 1910.
- Global warming is increasing by deforestation causing extreme weather changes.
- Fire, heatwave fires, and severe tropical storms throughout the world also having the cause of climate change.
- Many cities of the world are located near vulnerable coastal areas and more than 100 million people live with 3 feet of sea level are in danger due to rising sea level.
- Global warming will completely alter the ocean’s conveyer belt, which will cause a mini ice age in Europe. It has been started and remember, America in winter 2020.
- 2000-2009 has been the hottest decade on the earth. By the year 2100, the average temperature will rise by 5.8 degrees due to global warming.
So the conclusion is, it’s high time to alert and control things from now onwards because trees are life, and once we went into deep enough, below the threshold, then the condition will be irreversible for us.