Why Thar desert growing fast

Why the Indian desert “Thar” growing fast

The Thar Desert also called the Great Indian Desert covers approximate  77,000 square miles (200,000 sq. km), forming a natural border between India and Pakistan via Rajasthan & Gujrat.

What thar desert is expanding

And it locates in the western part of India with the dry climatic condition and low average rainfall (70-90mm/year) in the past 5 decades. “During monsoons, hardly get 15-20 days of rainfall and therefore the remaining year has been worse,”, said environmental data.

The Thar Desert is the 18th largest subtropical desert in the world. The maximum part is a hot arid zone, spread 800 Km Long and 400Km wide area. Most of this is within the western Rajasthan (61%), while 20%  in Gujrat, 9% in Punjab and Haryana’s combined and Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka together having rest 10% area.

The Indian Desert “Thar” has similarity with other deserts worldwide in respect of flora and fauna. The increasing rate of the desert may badly affect our economy, sociology and geography.

In this article, we have tried to explain the reason behind the expansion of the Thar Desert and its bad effect on human lives and have also suggested possible solutions by which we can minimize or stop its expansion.

Why the Indian desert “Thar” growing fast?

The Thar Desert is expanding and increasing its area since the two decades towards a man-made catastrophe.  western Rajasthan many districts suffered from different kinds of land degradation contributing to desertification, said to a report by Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI).

What thar desert is expandingApart from above mentioned reason, low rainfall also the cause of this rapid increase in the desert. Last few decades the, average rainfall (70-90mm/year) is very low. The average temperature of the desert is also increasing since last 5 decades

This was also compiled using multiple independent studies including the India Remote Sensing Satellite data 2015-16.

As we already know that, The Thar desert comes between the Aravalli hills in the northeast and the Runn of Kutch in the northwest. So the  Desert is growing in both east and northeast directions, experts say, and warn that desertification is about to become the more serious challenge to the Indian continent.

“Northwestern Thar Desert’s projections indicate a substantial increase in the desert area over India in the next 10 decades,” said scientists P. Goswami and K.V. Ramesh of the Centre of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.

Problems behind the Spreading of Thar Desert

The general features of desertification are wind erosion, water erosion, salinity/ alkalinity, waterlogging, mining and vegetation degradation to conclude that the situation may take decades to reverse the damage. Herewith some more details, why this Indian desert, Thar is expanding?

Human Activities that affect climatic area:

The Thar desert is the most densely populated desert across all, having a population density of 83 people per km approximately. Rainfall is only 100-130 mm/year out of which mostly comes in July to September only. So due to lack of water, the transformation of the grassland into cropland has been very slow.

And the main occupation of people living in the desert is agriculture and animal husbandry. Agriculture is not a dependable proposition in this area-after the rainy season, at least 33% of crops fail. As the rainfall is very low resulting in no cropping, so people are dependent on animal husbandry and the result is overgrazing which increases the rate of spreading the area of the Thar desert.

Illegal mining:

This is one of the major cause of the spreading of the desert over the last 10-15 years. Land thunders of dynamite blasts are taking place regularly and the sound can be heard even from a close range of even two miles in the desert reason. The activities of mining having the use of drilling and explosives in hills in broad daylight. The impact of dynamite, ammonium nitrate or TNT explosions is very intense and can change even the internal structure of a deep desert.

Large-scale mining has been mapped in Jhunjhunu, Jalore, Jodhpur, Barmer for the minerals and building materials, which has impacted the equilibrium. The vegetation cover has gone forever, making the land vulnerable

Increasing population:

The population is increasing but there is no simultaneous growth of farming which resulted in more people moving towards animal husbandry, trees and grasses. And as it is a drought-prone area, so the region faces droughts frequently.

So the increased population leads to the requirement of more animals which lead to overgrazing of limited grass area, wind and water erosion, and the activities result in serious land degradation and exploitation.

Plantation of new flora and fauna which are not easily adaptable:

The Babul tree growing to a height of up to 14-15 meter, mature babul need excess water to grow as its roots get water from the deep in the ground. In 1960, they were discovered at a depth of 53 meters (175 ft) in the search of water.

Due to over plantation of the babul, water availability decreasing year by year, which is very harmful for a longer duration because this reason already facing a heavy shortage of water.

The exploitation of local vegetation:

“The destruction of vegetation due to overgrazing, felling of trees, etc. have accelerated the removal of sediments from the catchment areas of water bodies as well as the loosening of farm soil,” said Yadav, director, CAZRI.

As we know, the Thar is arid and that’s why already poor in vegetation. However, the flora of this area provides useful, commercially important floral species.

In recent years, many such valuable species have become rare or nearly extinct owing to an increase in population and commercial activities, indiscrimination exploitation, biotic pressure, mining activities, destruction collection and lack of regeneration effort.

And Another is “The biggest reason contributing to desertification turned out to be water erosion. Our report suggested that 64.69% of the mapped area is facing wind erosion. For instance, 10% of land degradation in districts like Barmer, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur is due to water erosion,” said OP, director, CAZRI.

How Can We Control Expansion of Desert, Some Suggestions 

Management of resources:

Scientific management of resources and conversation of endangered species able to generate the fantastic scope of commercial activities and opportunities of employment for people residing.

And this can lead to connect this area as mainstream and come under the administrative socio-economic development plan of the country.

Introduction of fast-growing tree species:

The indigenous tree species growing in the desert are not only a few in numbers but also extremely slow-growing. So, great efforts & attention is required in the plantation of fast-growing trees with massive plantation drives.

Sand dunes should be stabilized:

As it is very little rainfall, huge shifting sand dunes are very often, particularly near human habitats, so there are some suggested techniques required for stabilization of shifted sand dunes are:

  • Protection against biotic interference.
  • Treatment of shifting sand dunes by fixing barriers in parallel strips or in ‘chess board’ design, using the local shrub material starting from the crest of the dunes to protect the seedling.
  • Using the appropriate numbers of Phog (Calligonum Polygonoides). As it is a very useful species of the desert because of its ability to growing naturally on the sand dunes. It has a massive network of underground root which work as an effective ‘sand binder’.

Reduce wind speed by planting  Shelterbelt plant:

Shelterbelts and tree screens consisting of a row of trees. So these are very effective in controlling the expansion of desert reason.

Increase the network of cannel and support the Green Wall of India.:

This is also, one of the best solution to control the expansion of the desert Thar. As when we provide water in the arid desert, then flora, grazing grass and tree will automatically start to grow and things start to improve.

By increasing the channel in the desert and cover as maximum as possible can lead to an increase in some greenery. Immediately implementation of government long-awaited 1400 km, “Green Wall of India” like Great Green Wall of Africa.

And here the final conclusion is,  we can manage the expansion of the great Indian desert “Thar” and save endangered area to become the part of it, but only if we utilize use our resources wisely, stop illegal mining, use adaptable plant scientific and specific species with the scale of plantation in local climatic condition and work as a sand binder and decrease dependence on natural resources.

The problem is for a long but these restoration efforts are an exception & insufficient. The Thar is a victim of unscientific practices that have destroyed pastures & forest.

Faulty plantation drives have failed to increase greenery

Can we increase greenery by Faulty Plantation Drives

Over the past three decades, massive afforestation drives were undertaken to compensate for the loss of green cover in Delhi. According to some reports published, nearly 1.8 cr trees were planted in the city in fifteen years, since 2001.

And the result: at 20%, Delhi’s forest cover falls short of the desired 33% of the national target. But the gap is still it was, because, actually the problems were in the way these drives were carried out, said Ek Kadam Sansthan.

Most of the part of this plantation happened in areas such as Asola Bhatti, where the department of forest and ecology experts got a complete authority to plan and execute the afforestation drive. But the remaining areas faced casual approach and badly planned drives; trees were either planted too close or high-caring species were planted.

According to the Auditor General of India report in 2009, the Delhi government gave permission to cut more than 31 thousand trees between the year 2005 and 2008 with a condition that 2.99 lakh saplings will be planted. As per the report, neither could the plantation target be completed successfully nor was the balance plantation charges of over Rs 6 crore recovered from the responsible.

According to the report, only 1.8 lakh trees were re-planted and also the government failed to recover the cost of balance plantation (1.19 lakh trees at the rate of Rs 650 per tree) from the defaulters.

While things have got better, with strict implementation over the years, Delhi has routinely missed out on its every plantation targets. What is worse, in the absence of a third-party audit, don’t have a record of saplings survived after the first year of plantation and maintenance has been done.

Plantation and aforestation drives are actually on to reach the goal of increasing Delhi’s forest cover to 25% in the next five years. The plan is to plant 12 lakh saplings this year itself, mostly in the eastern banks of the Yamuna river, Asola township and Najafgarh areas.

Of this, around 5 lakh sapling will be planted by the department of forest, 2 lakh by the Delhi Development Authority, 2 lakh by the municipal corporations, one lakh by the PWD, 1 lakh by the Delhi Parks and Gardens Society and around 50,000 by the Delhi Cantonment Board.

“A successful afforestation drive takes a minimum of three years to show results but better to care for 5-6 years. Care has to be taken about what species are being planted and where, because of the difference in the soil quality. A good tree cover attracts birds and after that, it becomes easy as birds help in seed dispersal,” said Tarun Coomar, chief conservator of forests of Delhi.

Now again, it’s a question that, what we learnt from our failures and what are changes added in our future plantation and performance measurement plans. Otherwise, the same story will repeat again and again.

9 months after record plantation drive, very few standing

Is Nagpur Plantation Drive is Complete failure ?

Only 20% standing after 9 months of record plantation drive

Source TOI/ 13 April 2017/NAGPUR

Very painful! But almost 90% of the saplings planted in the Ambazari forest on July 1, 2016, during the 2cr have died due to lack of watering and attacking by grazing cattle. The drive was conducted under the Green Maharashtra mission.

The aim of the plantation drive was to tackle climate change and increase forest cover. Claiming that it had exceeded the target by planting 2.82 crore saplings in a single day, Maharashtra walked into the Limca Book of Records.

In Nagpur, the Ambazari reserve forest (758 hectares) was the district’s official site for plantations. Here, saplings were planted by Nagpur Metro (5,000), dignitaries, forest staff, NGOs, schools, social bodies and individuals (11,000) and individual NGO Anand Fiskey (2,000) in the presence of guardian minister Chandrashekhar Bawankule. However, barring 5,000 saplings planted by Nagpur Metro, almost all the plantations have died.

Barring a few patches, 298 by Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd has survived. Compensatory afforestation of over 2 500 saplings by NIT too, has failed completely over 2,500 saplings by NIT too has failed completely. M & M’s Suresh Pandilwar, manager (employees’ relations & development) admits that it has failed miserably. “We watered the saplings for 3 months only. The saplings were small and could not survive owing to rocky land,” he said.

No forest official is ready to owe the responsibility for the failed plantations. Nagpur TSK Reddy said he has handed over the charge after promotion as APCCF. Joint director WI Yatbon of social forestry, which is the nodal agency for plantations, too said he has been promoted as CCF and has no idea. The social forestry department was to monitor the survival rate every three months.. Hingna RFO CH and area in charge, said 80% of plantations have survived. “However, mortality may be more due to recent forest fires,” he said.

TOI has learnt from sources that saplings were not watered adequately. For 13,000 plants only one tanker was deployed post-monsoon season, from October 18. Another tanker was pressed only from April 5, by which time most plants had died or were on the verge of dying. When Nagpur Metro plants can survive, why can’t the forest department, having expertise?

Patil says, “Metro planted 6-8 feet high saplings while our saplings were of small size. They planted non-forest species while we planted forest species, that too without damaging grass. Hence, our plantations are not visible in tall grass. It will take time for results.” Countering Patil’s claims.

Regular bird watcher in Ambazari Aniruddha Bhagat, says, “It is complete negligence. Only one tanker was used to water 13,000 plants. Metro officials are getting water from 5-6 tankers, besides they are also using drip watering system.”

Bhagat said lakhs of rupees are spent on fire lines to save forest but foresters have no clues how fires are raging. “No in peak summer, officials are planning to replant the saplings,” he added.

NGO Srushti Paryavaran Mandal president Sanjay Deshpande, who visited the spot on Tuesday, too says that the plantations have dried up due to neglect. “Even in rocky patches plants can grow if the right species are selected. Fires have caused huge damage to plantations and biodiversity,” he said.

“It seems to be a well-organized scam going on for years. Now again forest department will take up plantations in monsoon, and the same story will be repeated,” said activist Avinash Prabhune.

Here Ek Kadam Sansthan urges everyone to take participate in government drives and have a close observation on performance.

Ek Kadam Sansthan Awarded

QCI Award for Campaign; youth employability

Ek Kadam Sansthan awarded, “appreciation for youth award” from the Quality Council of India, New Delhi on 10th March 2017.

Be known that Ek Kadam Sansthan is a philanthropic institute in Jaipur for social services and known as the best ngo for plantation in Jaipur. Ek Kadam Sansthan involved in many welfare activities like youth employment and women empowerment.

Besides deeply engage in tree plantation activities with the name of the campaign “One Tree My Duty”. Under this campaign, tree plantation is being done in a scientific way with 100% survivability and proper performance measurement of drives.

nowhere abovementioned awarded is given for the campaign “Technician Employability Center“. under this campaign, Ek Kadam’s team train people in the residential training facility, located in Jaipur.

After training all candidates are being placed in various companies like Myntra, Genus Power Infrastructure Ltd and HCL etc.

Ek Kadam Sansthan Award

Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam

Blood Donation Camp; Blanket Distribution Camp at Jaipur

On 22nd Dec 2020, Ek Kadam Sansthan celebrated the birthday of Mr Manish Yadav (MLA Candidate from INC, Shahpura), the popular and young leader of Shahpura, Jaipur. On this occasion, a blood donation camp was organized at Shahpura. Besides more than 500 blankets distributed to protect the poor from the cold.

Blood Dobation Camp by ek kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam



Secretary, Ek Kadam Sansthan, Mr Sudarshan Jadwal told that  500 blankets have been distributed among the poor on the occasion of Manish Yadav‘s birthday. Sansthan also engaged blanket and winter apparels distribution for a poor community before also.

In addition to feeding fodder to cows at the Pinjapole gaushala, Sanganer and some more places, all the officials and volunteers of the Ek Kadam Sansthan prayed for their long life of Mr  Manish Yadav. Mr Rajesh Choudhary, the youth leader of Rajasthan University, was also involved in all the events related to Manish Yadav‘s birthday. Ek Kadam gives in special thanks for his contribution.

Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam Blood Donation Camp by Ek Kadam


Tree Plantation & Awareness Program by Ek Kadam: 3rd Nov 2019

The Tree Awareness Program was organized by the EK Kadam Institute on 3 November 2019 at the Kids Zone School.

NGO in RajasthanIn this program, the Ek Kadam team informed the children about the benefits of trees and the effect on the environment from the currently indiscriminately cutting of trees. Also, the methods of planting trees were discussed.

The program was attended by the Secretary of the Sansthan, Mr Sudarshan and Coordinator, Mrs Anjali Sharma, and the children participated in the program with enthusiasm and at the end of the program, children were pledged by One Tree My Duty poster and pledged to do tree plantation.

Ek Kadam Sansthan is the leading institute for tree plantation and runs many awareness campaigns and tree plantation campaigns from time to time. The institute believes that if the plantation is to be implemented properly, then it is very important for the children to understand and connect with it.


NGO IN RAJASTHAN Ek Kadam Sansthan is very thankful for Kids ZOne shool’s staff and administration for their kind cooperation.

Free Sanitizer spray from ek kadam

Free Sanitization at poor community place in Sanganer, Jaipur

Today 28th April 2020, EK Kadam Sansthan, pioneer ngo of Jaipur has initiated an event of free sanitization in the public place at Sanganer, Jaipur.

As we all know the world is fighting pandemic corona and the only solution is to escape is social distancing and sanitization.

But in some poor areas and slum, people don’t have enough resources to regular spay of sensitizers on their home and even government also not reached all those places.

So Ek Kadam Sansthan took initiative and start a campaign of “free sanitization on public place”. For this campaign, we arranged one vehicle to spray the sanitizer “sodium hypochlorite” for free of cost to disinfecting the identified places like handpumps, public borewells, and sheds etc.

For this cause, we got financial support from honourable Mr Gyan dev Ahuja (MLA ex, BJP State vice-president) for a complete campaign. We Ek Kadam are very thankful to him.

This sanitizer spay campaign runs for 3 weeks and every place sanitized every alternate day by ngo of Jaipur.

Apart from this, Ek Kadam Sansthan is also providing free food packets, free sanitiser distribution to fight corona for needful people in the pandemic, said, president Mr Sanjay Joshi.

Free SanitizationFree Sanitization